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Masses from the Renaissance:

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BrusBR 5557

BrusBR 5557: Brussels, Bibliothèque royale de Belgique, MS 5557.

Size: ca. 370x ca. 276; 136 paper folios in the form of 12 gatherings which probably existed independently before being collected into the manuscript as it is now preserved. It seems likely that ff. 2v-48r, which preserves masses by English composers, were copied as a unit during 1468 with the Missa Ecce ancilla domini by Du Fay being copied a few years earlier and the remainder during the following decade. Blank pages: ff. 61v-62r, 74r, 109v-110r; several folios now missing between ff. 76v and 77r.

Scribe: 5 scribes who remain unidentified.

Place and Brief History: Possibly in Bruges or Cambrai, the first layer perhaps being made for the marraige of Charles the Bold and Margaret of York (the sister of the English Kings Edward IV and Richard III). On the other hand, the five English masses that open the source may well have already been in use in and possibly around the Flanders region; possibly sung in the chapel of the English Merchant Adventurers in Bruges. This source was seemingly intended for use by the Burgundian Court Chapel and the English masses may have been given as a gift from the Adventurers to the Ducal Court.

Date: ca. 1464-ca. 1480.

Decoration: Calligraphic initials some with illuminations: ff. 2v, 10v, 20v, 30v and 38v- i. e. all belonging to the "English nucleus"; many folios with unfilled indented top staves. A derivative of the coats of arms used by the Burgundian Dukes Philip the Good and Charles the Bold can be found in the opening illumination on f. 2v.

Literature:

Charles Hamm & Herbert Kellman (eds), Census-Catalogue of Manuscript Sources of Polyphonic Music 1400-1550, Renaissance Manuscript Studies I, vol. I, American Institute of Musicology, Hänssler-Verlag, Neuhausen-Stuttgart, 1979, pp. 92-93.

Reinhard Strohm, The Rise of European Music, 1380-1500, Cambridge University Press, 1993, pp. 240 ff., 388-389 and 405-406.

Rob C. Wegman, Choirbook of the Burgundian Court Chapel, Brussel, Koninklijke Bibliotheek MS, 5557, Peer 1989.

THE MANUSCRIPT

Contents:

1r
Anonymous
Noe noe
2v-10r
[Walter] frye
Missa Summe trinitati
10v-20r
g. binchois* [John Pummer]
[Missa Sine nomine]
20v-30r
Riquardus cockx
[ Missa Sine nomine]
30v-38r
w[alter] ffrye
Missa Flors regalis
38v-48r
w[alter] ffrye
Missa Nobilis et pulchra
48v-50r
[Antoine] Busnoys
Anthoni usque limina
50v-61r
Misa Ecce ancilla domini
62v69r
Anonymous
Magnificat secundi toni
69v-70r
[Antoine] Busnoys
Noel noel
70v-76r
[Antoine] Busnoys
Magnificat sexti toni
76v
[Antoine] Busnoys
Ad cenam agni
77r-83r
[Johannes Ockeghem]
Missa Quinti toni
83v-84r
[Antoine] Busnoys
Anima mea liquefacta
84v-86r
[Antione] Busnoys
Victimae paschali
86v-88r
[Antoine] Busnoys
Regina celi
88v-89r
[Antoine] Busnoys
Regina celi
89v-90r
[Antoine] Busnoys
Alleluya verbum caro
90v-99r
[Missa Sine nomine]
99v-109r
[Johannes]Ockeghem+ [Cornelius Heyns]
Missa Pour quelque paine
110v-120v
Missa Ave regina [celorum]
121r
Anonymous
fragment of an Agnus [III] possibly by Regis (staves 1-2) and an Anonymous monophonic hymn Vexilla regis (staves 3-8)
121v-136r
Missa Ecce ancilla-Netimeas
136v
Anonymous/[Du Fay]
O quam glorifica (plainsong)/Kyrie

* This a 19th-century mis-attribution.

+ Mis-attribution

Folio Information and Variants.

ff. 10v-20r look

ff. 90v-99r look

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